A Polaroid camera, for photographing intermediate collage configurations, as well as the wax pencil diagrams on the large plexiglass. (Roll-over image.)


“By means of photography one can in a minute reject as unsatisfactory ninety-nine configurations of facts and elect as right the hundredth.”

— John Szarkowski
Eggleston’s Guide, 1977


“Marx posits ‘human sensuous activity’ as the foundation of knowledge; adding ’practice’ to 'sensuous activity’ is already a first step in removing the notion of practice from its subordination to a consciousness present to itself.”

—Julia Kristseva

Revolution in Poetic Language,1974 / 84

“The sensation of physically operating on the world is very strong in the medium of the papier collé or collage.… One cuts and chooses and shifts and pastes, and sometimes tears off and begins again. In any case, shaping and arranging such a relational structure obliterates the need, and often the awareness of representation. Without reference to likeness, it possesses feeling because all the decisions in regard to it are ultimately made on the grounds of feeling… What an inspiration the medium is!… The painting mind is put into motion, probing, finding, completing.…

The internal relations of the medium lead to so many possibilities that is is hard to see how anyone intelligent and persistent enough can fail to find his own style.”

— Robert Motherwell
“Beyond the Aesthetic,” 1946

“This simple example seems to me to reveal the mechanism of the process. Complete transmutation followed by a pure act such as the act of love must necessarily follow every time the given facts make conditions favorable: the pairing of two realities which apparently cannot be paired on a plane apparently not suited to them.”

— Max Ernst
“Inspiration to Order,” 1932


Those approaches which have relied upon physical media (an emphasis on the body, on artistic-making and other non-verbal “expressive” activities, or on the use of various sound or visual recording devices to provide “feedback”) have tended to see themselves as by-passing language and linguistically-lodged defenses altogether, or else have no clear position as to the relative importance of, or the structural connection between, the revelatory (diagnostic / expressive / cathartic) as opposed to the formative value of these activities. It may be that where adequate epistemological theory is lacking, a technical incapacity to perform effective and precise clinical work on symbolic processes below the limen of verbalization becomes the counterpart of a medical recourse to gross material methods (i.e., psychopharmacology) in cases where the linkages between talk, transference and internalization of verbalized interpretations proves weak.