up and reaching out are an expansive movement of the organism toward
a source of energy or pleasure. The same action is involved whether
a child reaches out for contact with the mother, for a toy or later
as an adult, for a loved person.
This sequence reaching out for pleasure > deprivation,
frustration or punishment > anxiety and then > defense
is a general scheme to explain all personality problems.
The Ucs. [system unconscious] is also affected by experiences
originating from external perception. Normally all the paths from perception
to the Usc. remain open, and only those leading on from the Usc. are
subject to blocking by repression.
is as though the unconscious stretches out feelers, through the medium
of the Pcpt-Cs. [perceptual conscious system], towards the external
world and hastily withdraws them as soon as they have sampled the excitations
coming from them.
The Unconscious, 1915;
A Note Upon the Mystic Writing Pad, 1915
The delight of photographs consists in their ability to grant
us a socially sanctioned engagement with our instinctual selves, unaccompanied
by actual risk
An observer of photographs (the term includes us
all) is not some kind of voyeur manqué, but has become,
just the same, a person made sensitive to an expectation of certain
visual opportunities that no previous art form could furnish. Some of
these opportunities are indeed masturbatory and rape-like, but the majority
of them kindle more diffused needs that link people together, through
their reflexes as well as their obsessions.
Photography and Fascination, 1979
Suppose we were to regard a dream as a kind of game which the
dreamer played. (And by the way, there is no one cause or one reason
why children always play. This is where theories of play generally go
wrong.) There might be a game in which paper figures were put together
to form a story, or at any rate were somehow assembled. The materials
might be collected and stored in a scrap-book, full of pictures and
anecdotes. The child might then take various bits from the scrap-book
to put into the construction; and he might take a considerable picture
because it had something in it which he wanted and he might just include
the rest because it was there.
Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious
Ideally, there ought to be enough space so that these things could
remain spread out, so that one thing need not overlap and hide another
so that they could show and be seen
[At] some stage, I
find myself looking at one object or at a group of particular objects
which hold my attention in such ways as tend to heighten a mood of anticipation
in me. I turn these objects in my hands
The Collage as Model, 1969